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Tukuran is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. Tukuran is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.The town of Tukuran is situated in the isthmus of Zamboanga peninsula of its southern part. After the construction of Maharlika Highway or the Tukuran-Dabliston Road, a national highway, Tukuran became the passageway of two regions - Region 9 and Region 10. The City of Pagadian can be reached within 20 minutes via private vehicle while 45 to 50 minutes via public utility vehicle or PUJ. The original inhabitants were Subanens and Iranuns. Tukuran is derived from the word tukod meaning "to build" or "to construct".


Tukuran is derived from the word "tukod" meaning to build. Other version states that tukod means to row a boat by the use of a bamboo pole. Nevertheless, both contributed to the legend of Tukuran.

It was believed that in olden times travelers and traders from far off lands, particularly Zamboanga City and the places of Lanao and Misamis Regions, used to land or pass this place because of its location in the trade route.

From Zamboanga City and other Southern Part of Mindanao, the shorter route particularly Zamboanga City and the places of Lanao and Misamis Region is by the river. When these merchants reached this river, and since the river was too shallow for their boat to pass, they started building a raft and boarded it. They rowed the raft against the current by using a bamboo pole, and in their language they call it "tukod". When they reached the upper part of the river, it was no longer passable by thier raft. So, they dismantled the raft and continued their journey by walking because the place was a dense forest. They called the place Baclay, which means walk. The tukod-tukod system enabled them to call the place Tukuran.

The other version stated that some merchant due to the long and tiresome journey often build temporary shelters on this place for a day or two and then shortly they dismantled their tents and proceeded to their destination. These activities of the people who did come and go from other places became routine that they called the place Tukuran - a place where travelers and traders build temporary shelter or stop for a temporary rest.

There came the Spaniards who wanted to control the trade route by constructing the famous Fort Alfonso IIIX on the hill overlooking Tukuran and the Northern part of Illana Bay, particularly Pagadian Cove, and the so called Spanish Trocha that used to connect the place directly to the Lanao and Misamis Regions. For a long time, the presence of the foreigners did not disturb the activity of the people.

At the close of the century, a group of Muslim who claimed to be of the Iranon Tribe founded a permanent settlement in the place. The group was allegedly under the leadership of Sultan Amay Untad Panduma. Since they were in large number, they divided themselves and settled elsewhere in the neighboring sitios. Soon, his son Sultan Mamaclay Ontong, who was succeeded by Sultan Mamadra Panduma, Sr., succeeded Sultan Amad Untad Panduma.

Few years later the first wave of Christian settlers came, allegedly led by Felix Ocampo and his family. They were believed to have come from Sampaloc, Manila. They settled along the shore where they later on established their residences.

In 1938, a group of Ilocanos from Pangasinan led by Tomas Sagun, Melchor Cabrales, Thomas Galay, Federico Padayhag and Quintin Cabrales together with their families arrived with their animals and farming equipment on board a boat that docked in Tukuran.

Thereafter, many of the "home-seekers" started arriving. Among these Christian settlers, only very few can be recalled and remembered. These were Pedro Salon, Paulino Calusa, Francisco Sales, Tomas Galay, Fedirico Padayhag, Pablo Bulawin, Leopoldo Pabing, Segundino Ramonal and many more.

Population of Tukuran as of August 1, 2015 from Philippine Statistics Authority
Alindahaw 1,864
Baclay 1,534
Balimbingan 282
Buenasuerte 778
Camanga 2,109
Curvada 1,817
Laperian 1,716
Libertad 678
Lower Bayao 824
Luy-a 731
Manilan 524
Manlayag 749
Militar 2,019
Navalan 2,224
Panduma Senior 2,974
Sambulawan 1,298
San Antonio 486
San Carlos (Pob.) 2,901
Santo Niño (Pob.) 7,991
Santo Rosario 358
Sugod 1,276
Tabuan 1,670
Tagulo 932
Tinotungan 1,139
Upper Bayao 946
TOTAL 35,362